Understanding Photobiomodulation (PBM)

What is Photobiomodulation?


Research shows that if you illuminate the belly of a rat, the wound on the back will heal faster. It is kind of like saying if we treat the elbow, the knee will get better. We might for example see changes in brain function, even though we are not illuminating the brain.

The objective of whole body Photobiomodulation (PBM) then is to create systemic benefits of detoxification, improved circulation and improved energy throughout the entire body. Changing the health of the cells changes the health of the entire body. The effects may not be as immediate as a laser, but the long-term benefits of gradual whole body changes can be profound.

Traditional studies of Photobiomodulation (PBM) were based on localized treatments. Traditional research used LED probes to illuminate a small wound or treatment area. One of the larger studies posted on the NIH website used 10 LED modules to deliver a total of 41 joules per module or 410 total joules of energy, and the results were positive.

The human body may have 1600 – 2000 square cm’s of skin surface depending on the size of the individual. LED light therapy illuminates a huge surface area of the body with what should be safe yet effective doses of energy. The cumulative dose can be incredible, but the relative energy per cm2 can remain both stimulatory and safe.

The bench that the subject lays on may deliver 12 joules/cm2 to 500 cm2 of surface skin on the back as the focal point of the LED beam is correct. That means delivering 500/cm2 x 12 J = 6,000 Joules of energy.

The front of the body is farther away from the LED’s depending on the contours of the body. As the distance to the LED increases, the levels of irradiance on the skin decreases. If we assume 1/4th of the total irradiance or an average of 3 joules for the remaining 1200 cm2 of skin, then we have 1200 cm2 x 3 J = 3600 Joules.

6,000 + 3600 = 9600 Joules of cumulative energy delivered to the entire body. This is over 20 times to total energy delivered in one of the largest illumination studies completed.

A Whole Body Photobiomodulation Chamber delivers a massive amount of cumulative energy, but in lower doses of energy that stimulate cellular changes that benefit the entire body.

Mitochondria Aging and Photobiomodulation

Mitochondria, Aging & Photobiomodulation (PBM)

Mitochondria are the motors in the body that produce ATP. ATP is the fuel that cells use to thrive. A current theory on aging suggests that as we age, the mitochondria become damaged by free radicals and toxicity. Photobiomodulation, has been shown in research to slow, halt and even reverse Mitochondrial Dysfunction and improve production of ATP.

A whole body LED Light Therapy Bed delivers photons of different wavelengths throughout the body. The action of improving mitochondrial function improves cellular energy and slows cell death. Improving cellular health and longevity is considered a key factor in aging. The benefits cascade to create improvements in cognition, wellness, performance and aesthetics.

Mitochondria, Aging & Photobiomodulation (PBM) Information

Light Is An Essential Supplement

Over 4000 studies suggest that light heals. Like a multivitamin, full-body LED light therapy beds to stimulate key cellular reactions that improve the health, energy, and function of cells. These studies suggest the benefits of light as a supplement include reduced inflammation, detoxification of waste and free radicals, improved circulation, and improved energy.

An LED Light Therapy Bed illuminates the entire body with photons that trigger cellular reactions which may cascade down into and affect the tissues, organs and systems. You just get better.

Light Is An Essential Supplement Information

Healthy People & Photobiomodulation

Athletes who break their own personal best records after supplementing with a full body LED light therapy bed have performance as a measurable benchmark. Professional sports franchises are building recovery centers that utilize full body photobiomodulation beds to help their athletes prevent mechanical injuries of competition (preconditioning), speed recovery after competition and improve peak performance in the areas of strength, speed and endurance during competition.

People suffering from pain or illness have the reduction of pain or illness as a benchmark. In both cases, LED light therapy is triggering cellular changes that cascade down into and change the tissues organs and systems which improves how their bodies are performing.

Healthy People & Photobiomodulation Information
Healthy People and Photobiomodulation

LED or Laser?

Studies have shown that LASERS and LED’s can have very similar effects depending on the intensity. Low Level Lasers may prove more effective in targeting inside of a joint while a full body light therapy bed may better precondtion the entire body, helping it respond better to localized treatments with lasers.

Lasers are much more effective for invasive procedures designed to cut or burn while LED’s may prove better for systemic stimulation of health. LED’s are non-invasive but researchers suggest that the right dose can have similar benefits without invasive injuries.

LED or Laser? Information

Targeting, Dose & Multiple Wavelengths

Like a multivitamin supplement, multiple LED Light Therapy bed wavelengths may trigger different reactions in the cells. As the science of photobiomodulation research improves we believe that wavelengths, pulse and dose will become more specialized.

A Spa owner interested in skincare might be better suited with a mid energy system. A doctor stimulating deeper healing might find more power is better due to the increased penetration. A business owner wants both effectiveness and shorter treatment times to ROI their investment. A professional athlete might find that Red/NIR is the best choice while someone with skin issues will benefit from adding green.

Targeting, Dose & Multiple Wavelengths Information
Photobiomodulation Targeting

Whole Body LED Light Therapy Bed

Whole Body LED Light Therapy beds are about luxury, precision and efficacy. A photobiomodulation bed allows for the correct dose, without overstimulation (damage) in the shortest time frame possible. Optimized intensities mean program times are reduced and comfort is increased. Regulation of distance to the LED source in a bed creates the precise distance required to optimize dose. This improves efficacy by maximizing penetration without overstimulating. The ARRC LED ATP system is optimized for 10 minutes or shorter treatment times in a continuous current format and 12 – 15 minutes or shorter utilizing the pulse.

The objective of whole body photobiomodulation beds or full body LED light therapy is to create systemic benefits of detoxification, improved circulation and improved energy throughout the entire body.

Whole Body LED Light Therapy Bed Information
The ATP Base System

Optimum Dose

Irradiance, is the intensity of light as measured ‘on the skin’ in mw/cm2 units of power. Distance as measured from the LED to the skin has a profound effect on irradiance. Dose in LED Light Therapy is a measure of irradiance x time and called a Joule. Research suggests that 50 Joules per cm2 of energy may be peak dose. Delivering more energy or too frequently may prove to be less effective for users.

83.9mw/cm2 x 60 seconds = 5.034 Joules/cm2.

ATP LED Light Therapy Bed delivers apprx 50 Joules/cm2 in 10 minutes

Optimum Dose Information

Understanding The Physics Of LED Light Therapy

Different light wavelengths and intensities can create different outcomes in the body. If we know the wavelength and intensity, then we should be able to direct the system to create predictable reactions in the body. In this section we offer a high level explanation of the physics of light as applied to our systems.

Understanding The Physics Of LED Light Therapy Information

Disclaimer: The FDA has concluded that due to the inherent safety of low level light therapy, light therapy devices may be offered OTC for relief from minor aches and pains. The ARRC LED makes no claims as to the effectiveness of its devices other than minor aches and pains. Statements expressed within this site have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Any and all information and/or statements found within this site are for educational purposes only and are NOT intended to diagnose, treat, cure, prevent disease or replace the advice of a licensed healthcare practitioner.

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